President Biden's Inauguration and January 20, 2021 Executive Orders Part 1 of 2














President Biden's Inauguration and January 20, 2021 Executive Orders Part 1 of 2


Biden White House Makes YouTube Upload of Inaugural Speech ‘Unlisted’ After Being Flooded With Dislikes - By Richard Moorhead - Jan 21, 2021


The Inaugural Address wasn’t well received.


Joe Biden’s White House staff privatized an upload of his inaugural address from the White House YouTube page, after the video was rationed with a wave of dislikes.


As of late Wednesday night, Biden’s Inaugural Address has more than 17,000 dislikes, and less than 4,000 likes. Sensing that the public wasn’t responding positively, the Biden administration made the video “unlisted” some time after its initial streaming.


Trending: Grassroots Leaders Send Final Warning to GOP Establishment: Rejecting Trump Means Death of Republican Party


In a legally questionable development, the Biden White House staff have also disabled comments on the Inaugural Address. Court rulings previously forced the Trump administration to unblock fanatic liberal reply guys on Twitter, with judges ruling that they had the right to engage with the President on the platform.


The poor reaction may have come in part from the existing YouTube subscriber demographic of the White House channel, which was primarily composed of Trump supporters. Other uploads of Biden’s Inaugural Address on the YouTube channels of mainstream media networks have a more favorable like-to-dislike ratio.


The takedown of the video could ultimately be challenged under a 2018 court ruling establishing presidential social media accounts as public forums, with comments enabled. Biden will have to face criticism- even on his official internet presence- as President.


Where is everyone, Joe? - Article republished from - Wednesday, January 20, 2021


Bypass censorship by sharing this link:


(Natural News) By way of votes, it would seem that Joe Biden is the most popular president in history. However, his inauguration crowd proves otherwise. You can fake votes and support on paper, but not in person. Here are some comparison pictures of Biden’s inauguration crowd taken at the same time as the photo of Trump’s inauguration crowd in 2017. Even more impressive, is Trump’s crowd today in Florida as he returns home. The support is much larger than the inauguration today.


Kamala Harris has been touted as a history-making Vice President, being the first black woman elected to the position. This alone should draw an enthusiastic crowd, yet, supporters are mostly absent today.


Not an ‘administration’. A regime. - By Rah Raheem Kassam republished from - January 20, 2021


(Natural News) At noon today the scenes on Capitol Hill were arguably no different to those we saw on January 6th: a desecration of the Republic. This time, by a humiliating scene of an empty National Mall, and a handful of people who stole an election in the dead of night.


Much is made of the phrase “peaceful transition of power,” but this was no peaceful transition.


A stolen election doesn’t equal a peaceful transition.


Another phony impeachment doesn’t equal a peaceful transition.


And 30,000 troops doesn’t equal a peaceful transition.


In reality, this was not an inauguration in the same way that there was never really an election. An election requires that certain rules are followed. They were not. An inauguration requires a valid result. There was none.


And it’s a testament to the political establishment’s loathing of the American public that over the past year they have sought to strike fear into people’s hearts over a pandemic, and now they seek to divide the nation further by referring to one side as “domestic terrorists.”


That’s not how democratically elected administrations come to power in free republics.


That’s how authoritarian regimes seize power and wield it over their naysayers in banana republics.


That’s why The National Pulse will not be referring to Joe Biden’s government as an administration. We will, from here on, refer to it as a regime.


And we suggest you do the same.


Biden has maybe 2,000 attendees at inauguration — and 25,000 military — just like they do in lawless banana republics - By Jim Hoft republished from -January 21, 2021


(Natural News) Joe Biden was sworn in today as the 46th President of the United States.


They say he had 81 million votes.


No one turned out to see Biden. A few hundred or maybe a thousand listened to him blather and slur his words.


Biden had ten times as many military men and women protecting his inauguration today like they do in any lawless banana republic.


The elites fear the people they want to lord over.


President Biden’s first day in Office and he made many Executive Orders:


Biden’s 17 Executive Orders and Other Directives in Detail - By Aishvarya Kavi - Published Jan. 20, 2021Updated Jan. 21, 2021, 12:29 p.m. ET


The moves aim to strengthen protections for young immigrants, end construction of President Donald J. Trump’s border wall, end a travel ban and prioritize racial equity.


WASHINGTON — In 17 executive orders, memorandums and proclamations signed hours after his inauguration, President Biden moved swiftly on Wednesday to dismantle Trump administration policies his aides said have caused the “greatest damage” to the nation.


Despite an inaugural address that called for unity and compromise, Mr. Biden’s first actions as president are sharply aimed at sweeping aside former President Donald J. Trump’s pandemic response, reversing his environmental agenda, tearing down his anti-immigration policies, bolstering the teetering economic recovery and restoring federal efforts to promote diversity.


Here’s a look at what the measures aim to accomplish.

On the Pandemic

Mr. Biden has signed an executive order appointing Jeffrey D. Zients as the official Covid-19 response coordinator who will report to the president, in an effort to “aggressively” gear up the nation’s response to the pandemic. The order also restores the directorate for global health security and biodefense at the National Security Council, a group Mr. Trump had disbanded.


Though it is not a national mask mandate, which would most likely fall to a legal challenge, Mr. Biden is requiring social distancing and the wearing of masks on all federal property and by all federal employees. He is also starting a “100 days masking challenge” urging all Americans to wear masks and state and local officials to implement public measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.


Mr. Biden is also reinstating ties with the World Health Organization after the Trump administration chose to withdraw the nation’s membership and funding last year. Dr. Anthony S. Fauci will be the head of the U.S. delegation to the organization’s executive board and will jump into the role with a meeting this week.


On Immigration and Visas


With an executive order, Mr. Biden has bolstered the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program that protects from deportation immigrants brought to the United States as children, often called Dreamers. Mr. Trump sought for years to end the program, known as DACA. The order also calls on Congress to enact legislation providing permanent status and a path to citizenship for those immigrants.


Another executive order revokes the Trump administration’s plan to exclude noncitizens from the census count, and another overturns a Trump executive order that pushed aggressive efforts to find and deport unauthorized immigrants. Yet another order blocks the deportation of Liberians who have been living in the United States.


In a blow to one of his predecessor’s earliest actions to limit immigration, Mr. Biden has also ended the so-called Muslim ban, which blocked travel to the United States from several predominantly Muslim and African countries. Mr. Biden has directed the State Department to restart visa processing for individuals from the affected countries and to develop ways to address the harm caused to those who were prevented from coming to the United States because of the ban.

Mr. Biden has also halted construction of Mr. Trump’s border wall with Mexico. The order includes an “immediate termination” of the national emergency declaration that allowed the Trump administration to redirect billions of dollars to the wall. It says the administration will begin “a close review” of the legality of the effort to divert federal money to fund the wall.


On Climate Change


Chief among executive orders that begin to tackle the issue of climate change, Mr. Biden has signed a letter to re-enter the United States in the Paris climate accords, which it will officially rejoin 30 days from now. In 2019, Mr. Trump formally notified the United Nations that the United States would withdraw from the coalition of nearly 200 countries working to move away from planet-warming fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas.


In additional executive orders, Mr. Biden began the reversal of a slew of the Trump administration’s environmental policies, including revoking the permit for the Keystone XL pipeline; reversing the rollbacks to vehicle emissions standards; undoing decisions to slash the size of several national monuments; enforcing a temporary moratorium on oil and natural gas leases in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; and re-establishing a working group on the social costs of greenhouse gasses.


On Racial and L.G.B.T. Equality


Mr. Biden will end the Trump administration’s 1776 Commission, which released a report on Monday that historians said distorted the role of slavery in the United States, among other history. Mr. Biden also revoked Mr. Trump’s executive order limiting the ability of federal agencies, contractors and other institutions to hold diversity and inclusion training.


The president designated Susan E. Rice, who is the head of his Domestic Policy Council, as the leader of a “robust, interagency” effort requiring all federal agencies to make “rooting out systemic racism” central to their work. His order directs the agencies to review and report on equity in their ranks within 200 days, including a plan on how to remove barriers to opportunities in policies and programs. The order also moves to ensure that Americans of all backgrounds have equal access to federal government resources, benefits and services. It starts a data working group as well as the study of new methods to measure and assess federal equity and diversity efforts.


Another executive order reinforces Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to require that the federal government does not discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, a policy that reverses action by Mr. Trump’s administration.


On the Economy


Mr. Biden is moving to extend a federal moratorium on evictions and has asked agencies, including the Agriculture, Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development Departments, to prolong a moratorium on foreclosures on federally guaranteed mortgages that was enacted in response to the coronavirus pandemic. The extensions all run through at least the end of March.


The president is also moving to continue a pause on federal student loan interest and principal payments through the end of September, although progressive groups and some congressional Democrats have pushed Mr. Biden to go much further and cancel up to $50,000 in student debt per person.


On Government Accountability


Following in the footsteps of some of his predecessors, Mr. Biden has established ethics rules for those who serve in his administration that aim “to restore and maintain trust in the government.” He has ordered all of his appointees in the executive branch to sign an ethics pledge.


Finally, Mr. Biden issued a freeze on all new regulations put in motion by his predecessor to give his administration time to evaluate which ones it wants to move forward. The memorandum is aimed at preventing so-called midnight regulations, policies pushed through by a lame-duck president unconstrained by electoral considerations. The fast pace often cuts short the opportunity for the public or industry to review the policies.


Biden’s flurry of executive actions is mostly meant as backhand to Trump’s legions of supporters - By JD Heyes - January 20, 2021


(Natural News) During his first hours in office, Joe Biden issued a raft of executive orders the Marxists who are really running his administration prepared for him, with most aimed not at even trying to continue President Donald Trump’s legacy of success but rather as sticks in the eyes of his 74-plus million supporters.


Because the objective of the incoming Biden administration isn’t to keep America great or make Americans wealthier and more independent, as Trump tried to do (and largely accomplished): The objective is to tamp America and Americans down, keep us down, and keep us controlled and dependent on the ruling class.


That much is obvious based on the content and the goals of the orders he is signing.


Take a look:


· Federal mask mandate: Because Biden’s party hasn’t clamped down enough on Americans for nearly a year during the COVID-19 pandemic, Biden issued a “100-day mask challenge” that included mandatory mask-wearing inside federal buildings. Remember when we were all asked to give the government a month to ‘bend the curve’ of infections? Yeah, this time it’ll work, though. Whatever.

· Keep the U.S. in the World Health Organization: Remember this ‘stellar’ global health org? It’s chieftain, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus helped China conceal COVID-19 from the world and then downplayed criticism of Beijing after the ChiComs withheld critical information and let the virus spread.

· Rejoin the Paris Climate Accords: Trump pulled America out of this pathetic agreement because our country was going to be responsible for the bulk of cutting ‘emissions’ — not the world’s two biggest carbon dioxide emitters/polluters, China and India. The former president noted that remaining in the agreement would cost the U.S. economy some $450 billion year, cost jobs, and hurt American companies. Biden’s Marxists obviously don’t care what the agreement will do to our economy.

· Kiss energy independence goodbye: Have you been enjoying not spending half a paycheck on gas for the past few years? Well, that’s going to change; you may as well get used to riding a bike or walking, because $4-$5 gas is coming back. Biden is killing the Keystone XL pipeline after a private firm in Canada has invested $8 billion in the project. At the same time, he is directing federal agencies to reverse scores of orders Trump signed regarding the environment that will further impede energy production and blow up our home energy bills as well.

· Goodbye to schools teaching correct American history: Biden signed an order canceling Trump’s 1776 Commission, which was formulated in response to the lying garbage touted in the bogus “1619 Project,” which essentially teaches school kids America is racist through and through, always has been, always will be, and so we must ensure we give persons of color extra benefits and goodies to ‘make up’ for ‘all white people have done to harm them.’ Trump’s project taught the correct history of America — our founding as the greatest human experiment in self-governance ever tried and how our Constitution was written in a way that gave our forebears legislative and government tools to get rid of institutions like slavery.

· Open borders are back: Biden will say his stoppage of Trump’s border wall and his reversal of Trump’s border enforcement policies is ‘just’ and ‘fair’ and ‘equitable for all’ — but as all Democratic Marxists do, they are concerned only with “EBA,’ or “everybody but Americans.” Border security and border walls do more than keep people out who want to enter illegally, they also curb the flow of drugs that are killing our citizens. Biden’s handlers don’t care about your safety, though — or your job; letting cheaper labor in is great for their corporate donors.

· More sanctuary for sanctuary cities: Speaking of illegal immigration, Biden has also reversed Trump’s border enforcement strategy, which was aimed, in part, at enforcing federal immigration laws in so-called “sanctuary cities” that unlawfully provide protection for aliens who aren’t supposed to be in our country.


rump tweeted. He was gruff. He was disagreeable at times. But he cared deeply about our country and about all Americans doing well in their own country. 

Biden has made it clear he doesn’t.


See more reporting like this at


Sources include: and


Biden signs 10 executive orders to tackle Covid-19 - BBC - January 21, 2021


President Joe Biden has signed 10 executive orders to boost the fight against Covid which has ravaged the US.


Vaccination will be accelerated and testing increased. Emergency legislation will be used to increase production of essentials like masks.


Announcing the moves, Mr Biden said it would take months to defeat the pandemic but America would "get through this" if people stood together.


The moves come a day after Mr Biden was sworn in as the 46th president.


In a break with former President Donald Trump, the policy stresses a national strategy rather than relying on states to decide what is best.


The Trump administration was widely accused of failing to get to grips with the pandemic.


In terms of total deaths from coronavirus, the US is the worst-hit country with more than 406,000 lives lost according to Johns Hopkins University. Nearly 24.5 million have been infected.


· Latest updates

· Biden's new-look Oval Office a nod to past leaders

· Americans' hopes and fears for Biden's presidency


What Kamala Harris did on her first day


What's in the plan?


In his inauguration speech, Mr Biden warned that the coronavirus pandemic in the US was entering its "deadliest period".


Mr Biden's Covid-19 task force co-ordinator, Jeff Zients, told reporters that under Mr Trump there was no strategy at federal level and a comprehensive approach was lacking.


"As President Biden steps into office today, that all changes," he said.


The administration unveiled a seven-point plan which included efforts to facilitate effective distribution of vaccines and reliable access to testing.


"The American people deserve an urgent, robust and professional response to the growing public health and economic crisis caused by the coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak," an introduction to the plan said.


A historic inauguration in unusual times


It said Mr Biden believed the government "must act swiftly and aggressively to help protect and support" essential workers and the most vulnerable.


· What will Joe Biden do first?

· Why is the US rejoining the Paris climate agreement?

· Climate change: Biden's first act sets tone for ambitious approach

· World leaders hope for 'new beginning' under Biden


Although executive orders do not require congressional approval, much of the funding for the planned measures is contained in a huge $1.9tn stimulus package announced by Mr Biden last week.


He will need co-operation from the Senate and House of Representatives for the package to be adopted smoothly.


The aim is to give 100 million vaccine doses by the end of April, and reopen most schools safely within 100 days.


Vaccine centres will be established at stadiums and community facilities.


There will be more funding for state and local officials to help tackle the pandemic, and a new office will be established to co-ordinate the national response.


The Defense Production Act will be used to speed up production of personal protective equipment and essential supplies needed for vaccine production. Mr Trump used the same piece of legislation to compel the production of items in short supply last year.


On top of the already announced rules on wearing masks and social distancing on all federal government property, face coverings will become mandatory on many planes and trains.

"What we're inheriting is so much worse than we could have imagined," Mr Zients said.


In a further break with the previous administration, Mr Biden's chief medical adviser, Dr Anthony Fauci, said the US would join the Covax scheme designed to deliver Covid vaccines to poor countries.


Speaking by video call to the World Health Organization in Geneva, Dr Fauci also stressed that the US would continue to provide funding for the WHO, in line with Mr Biden's move to reverse Mr Trump's decision to leave.


What happened on Wednesday?


Only hours after being sworn in, Mr Biden signed 15 executive orders, including reversing Mr Trump's policies on climate change and immigration.

Few were present to witness the oaths and ceremonies due to coronavirus restrictions.


Donald Trump, who has still not formally conceded the presidency to Mr Biden, snubbed the event in a departure from longstanding tradition.


"Democracy has prevailed," President Biden said after taking the oath of office in front of the US Capitol.


· Biden sets to work on reversing Trump policies

· Star-studded concert marks Biden's inauguration


A major theme of his inauguration speech was unity after the major divisions laid bare during the Trump administration.


Mr Biden promised to be a president "for all Americans", including those who voted against him.


How have world leaders reacted?


Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany is the latest world leader to react to Mr Biden taking office, saying "there is a much broader scope for political accord with President Biden".

She said the climate crisis, coronavirus and security were issues ready to be addressed by the US, Germany and Europe.


· World leaders hope for 'new beginning' under Biden


China reacted through its ambassador in Washington, Cui Tiankai.


"China looks forward to working with the new administration to promote sound and steady development of China-US relations and jointly address global challenges in public health, climate change and growth," he said.


Russian Ambassador to the US, Anatoly Antonov, said: "I would like to believe that a new chapter in the development of the United States of America begins today and, of course, that a new chapter in the development of Russian-American relations begins as well. At least, we have repeatedly spoken about this."


Biden targets Trump's legacy with first-day executive actions - By Eric Bradner, Betsy Klein and Christopher Hickey, CNN - Updated 0148 GMT (0948 HKT) January 21, 2021


President Joe Biden took 17 executive actions on Day One


On his first day in office, Biden issued 17 executive orders, presidential memoranda and agency directives, from directing the Covid-19 pandemic response to canceling the Keystone XL pipeline. Nine of the 17 actions directly reverse former President Donald Trump's policies.



President Biden's Inauguration and January 20. 2021 Executive Orders Part 1 of 2





EQNEED Comments

















Launches a "100 Days Masking Challenge" asking Americans to wear masks for 100 days. Requires masks and physical distancing in federal buildings, on federal lands and by government contractors, and urges states and local governments to do the same





No issues. Being safe to protect yourself and others is reasonable.



















Stops the United States' withdrawal from the World Health Organization, with Dr. Anthony Fauci becoming the head of the delegation to the WHO.





Hopefully they won’t lie to us anymore and tell us how great a job China did stopping the spread of coid-19 when they allowed open flights to countries out side China.











Creates the position of Covid-19 Response Coordinator, reporting directly to Biden and managing efforts to produce and distribute vaccines and medical equipment.



Must not trust his Vice President to do the job.







Extends the existing nationwide moratorium on evictions and foreclosures until at least March 31.

No issues.









Extends the existing pause on student loan payments and interest for Americans with federal student loans until at least September 30

No issues.

































Rejoins the Paris climate accord, a process that will take 30 days















Hopefully China, Russia and Indian will pay their fair share. The U. S. Department of Energy under Trump has advanced Renewable Energy Technologies from 2016 (Obama/Biden) to 2019 by at least 4% growth during which time the U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide fell by 2.8% in 2019, slightly below 2017 levels. The U. S. is only 15% of all counties polluting. Frankly, the U. S. is ahead of the standards sought after. Will it kill 400,000 jobs?

































Cancels the Keystone XL pipeline and directs agencies to review and reverse more than 100 Trump actions on the environment.












Keep in mind that oil traveling in pipes reduces transporting cost and green house gases as fuel is not needed in trucks or ships. Now ships will transport the oil from Canada to countries through out the world, making America less energy independent. 10,000 to 18,228 jobs lost annually. 100 changes will affect many things.



























Rescinds the Trump administration's 1776 Commission, directs agencies to review their actions to ensure racial equity.










I don’t see any evidences that America is a racist country at the level Biden speaks of.  If it’s true that people of color and Women American Businesses Owners will receive covid-19 help before White American Owned Businesses than you can discard equal opportunity laws.







Prevents workplace discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.

No issues.















Requires non-citizens to be included in the Census and apportionment of congressional representatives.





This would be necessary due to pathway to citizenship of an estimated 9 million illegal aliens in the U. S. or is it 20 million?









Fortifies DACA after Trump's efforts to undo protections for undocumented people brought into the country as children.


No issues. Congress should have provided pathway to citizenship when Obama was President and created a U. S. Guest Workers Program. Trump failed to do so as well and now, well, will Biden?

















































































Reverses the Trump administration's restrictions on US entry for passport holders from seven Muslim-majority countries







































Very confusing. Biden claimed Trump didn’t close international flights soon enough due to covid-19, yet when Trump did restrict flights internationally, Biden and others told us Trump was responsible for more deaths as a result of not closing international flights soon enough. Where Biden misleads is on the relative speed of the U.S. compared with others. The U.S. travel restriction came shortly after the WHO declared a public health emergency and around the same time as other nations, experts said. For perspective, the U.S. measure went into effect after Italy on Jan. 31 suspended all flights to and from China, but it happened before South Korea’s entry restriction that started Feb. 4. WHO Director-General’s statement on IHR Emergency Committee on Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), Jan. 30, 2020. Biden’s statement that Trump’s travel restriction was slower than 45 other countries is partially accurate but leaves out important details or takes things out of context. We rate it Half True. So why would Biden during covid-19 lift these restrictions but not Mexico? During covid-19 you would think international flights from, the middle east, Europe, south east Asia, China; the world would remain closed to international visitors. Furthermore, how will verify folks past activities?



































Undoes Trump's expansion of immigration enforcement within the United States.















That 100-day no deportation executive order will give anyone that can make it to America entrance awaiting a hearing date. Would they be illegible for a pathway to citizenship or anyone else that seeks asylum? I would support a Guest Workers Program, five year enrollment and ten year resident card while to apply for U. S. Citizenship begins in the third year.



















Halts construction of the border wall by terminating the national emergency declaration used to fund it





























The Army Corps of Engineers, on the other hand, estimates that if the new administration stops wall construction as soon as Biden is sworn into office, the government would save $2.6 billion, according to The Washington Post. As of Jan. 21, 2021 — Biden's first full day in office — there should be $3.3 billion in unused border wall funds, and the Army Corps estimates that construction contract termination costs will be approximately $700 million. As part of the $1.4 trillion 2021 omnibus bill passed this week, Congress has allotted nearly $1.4 billion for border wall construction, according to The Hill.  Loss of 10,500 jobs and what to do with 270,000 tons of steal. Law Suits, cost as high as 700 million. Americans and guests less safe and in some areas where animal migration can no longer cross the boarder and or Indian Lands where petitions could make it to Biden, if approved could be removed possibly. Will the Mexican President keep their 27,000 soldiers on the boarder? If so, and if the troops watched areas where the fence will not be built, would give Americans more security than not having a fence. Increasing boarder guards has not been stated so the boarder traffic illegally may increase.









Extends deferrals of deportation and work authorizations for Liberians with a safe haven in the United States until June 30, 2022.

No  issies but why not care givers.














Requires executive branch appointees to sign an ethics pledge barring them from acting in personal interest and requiring them to uphold the independence of the Department of Justice.



No issues.





























Directs OMB director to develop recommendations to modernize regulatory review and undoes Trump's regulatory approval process.










Hopefully the process is fair and equitable, not imposing more stifling regulations on free speech, businesses and allowing censorship by social media that has there license though the Defense Bill the Senate vetoed recently when Trump objected to twitter and facebook as not being publishers.

Brief report that illustrates as a nation, our energy demand reflects Renewable energy accounted for 17% during 2019, up from between 12.2% of the total energy or 10.22 Q BTU to 14.94% of the domestically produced electricity in 2016 in the United States.


With projected renewable energy to rise in the years to come, by 2026 renewable energy could easily be 25% of the domestically produced electricity in 2016 in the United States, while reducing green gases.


Exploitation of renewable energy technologies has it's limitations, i.e., you can't produce towering sections of tube steal post for wind mills over night, nor construct 10,000's of wind mills in a short time frame, following 9-year construction periods for 2,500 MW to 3,000 MW Off Shore Wind Mill Farms. The U. S. Department of Energy under Trump has advanced Renewable Energy Technologies from 2016 (Obama/Biden) to 2019 by at least 4% growth during which time the U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide fell by 2.8% in 2019, slightly below 2017 levels. Very impressive, but as impressive, are President Trump’s business/corporation tax reduction and deregulation made it possible for the principles of a free market to strive in our free enterprise system. Our government didn't have to force charges on the energy industries a pollutant tax in order to bankrupt an energy plant using, coal, oil, nuclear energy or natural gas. The U. S. is only 15% of all counties polluting.


“It’s a monumental task of transforming the U. S. Energy Fossil Fuels industry into less exploitation in favor of renewable energy technologies has huge obstacles because Petroleum provides about 91% of the transportation sector's energy consumption, but less than 1% of the electric power sector's primary energy use” (Ref. Energy Explained).


Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions


“Grreenhouse gases trap heat and make the planet warmer. Human activities are responsible for almost all of the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere over the last 150 years.1 The largest source of greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in the United States is from burning fossil fuels for electricity, heat, and transportation.


EPA tracks total U.S. emissions by publishing the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks. This annual report estimates the total national greenhouse gas emissions and removals associated with human activities across the United States.


The primary sources of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States are:


· Transportation (28.2 percent of 2018 greenhouse gas emissions) – The transportation sector generates the largest share of greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions from transportation primarily come from burning fossil fuel for our cars, trucks, ships, trains, and planes. Over 90 percent of the fuel used for transportation is petroleum based, which includes primarily gasoline and diesel.2

· Electricity production (26.9 percent of 2018 greenhouse gas emissions) – Electricity production generates the second largest share of greenhouse gas emissions. Approximately 63 percent of our electricity comes from burning fossil fuels, mostly coal and natural gas.3

· Industry (22.0 percent of 2018 greenhouse gas emissions) – Greenhouse gas emissions from industry primarily come from burning fossil fuels for energy, as well as greenhouse gas emissions from certain chemical reactions necessary to produce goods from raw materials.

· Commercial and Residential (12.3 percent of 2018 greenhouse gas emissions) – Greenhouse gas emissions from businesses and homes arise primarily from fossil fuels burned for heat, the use of certain products that contain greenhouse gases, and the handling of waste.

· Agriculture (9.9 percent of 2018 greenhouse gas emissions) – Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture come from livestock such as cows, agricultural soils, and rice production.

· Land Use and Forestry (11.6 percent of 2018 greenhouse gas emissions) – Land areas can act as a sink (absorbing CO2 from the atmosphere) or a source of greenhouse gas emissions. In the United States, since 1990, managed forests and other lands are a net sink, i.e. they have absorbed more CO2 from the atmosphere than they emit.


Emissions and Trends


Since 1990, gross U.S. greenhouse gas emissions have increased by 3.7 percent. From year to year, emissions can rise and fall due to changes in the economy, the price of fuel, and other factors. In 2018, U.S. greenhouse gas emissions increased compared to 2017 levels. The increase in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion was a result of multiple factors, including increased energy use due to greater heating and cooling needs due to a colder winter and hotter summer in 2018 compared to 2017” (Ref. EPA, U. S.).


Total Emissions in 2018 = 6,677 Million Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent. Percentages may not add up to 100% due to independent rounding.

* Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry in the United States is a net sink and offsets approximately 12 percent of these greenhouse gas emissions, this emissions offset is not included in total above. All emission estimates from the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2018.




1. IPCC (2007). Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Exit Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

2. IPCC (2007). Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. (PDF) (863 pp, 24MB) Exit Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O.R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, L.A. Meyer (eds)], Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.


U.S. Energy Information Administration (2019). Electricity Explained - Basics

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks


About the Emissions Inventory


“EPA has prepared the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks since the early 1990s. This annual report provides a comprehensive accounting of total greenhouse gas emissions for all man-made sources in the United States. The gases covered by the Inventory include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, and nitrogen trifluoride. The Inventory also calculates carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere by “sinks,” e.g., through the uptake of carbon and storage in forests, vegetation, and soils.


The national greenhouse gas inventory is submitted to the United Nations in accordance with the Framework Convention on Climate Change


In preparing the annual emissions inventory report, EPA collaborates with hundreds of experts representing more than a dozen U.S. government agencies, academic institutions, industry associations, consultants and environmental organizations. EPA also collects greenhouse gas emissions data from individual facilities and suppliers of certain fossil fuels and industrial gases through the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program.


Overview of Greenhouse Gases and Sources of Emissions


Key findings from the 1990-2018 U.S. Inventory include:


In 2018, U.S. greenhouse gas emissions totaled 6,677 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents, or 5,903 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents after accounting for sequestration from the land sector.


Nitrous Oxide - 7%

Fluorinated Gases - 33%%

Methane - 10$

Carbon - 81%


Emissions increased from 2017 to 2018 by 3.1 percent (after accounting for sequestration from the land sector). This increase was largely driven by an increase in emissions from fossil fuel combustion, which was a result of multiple factors, including more electricity use greater due to greater heating and cooling needs due to a colder winter and hotter summer in 2018 in comparison to 2017.


Greenhouse gas emissions in 2018 (after accounting for sequestration from the land sector) were 10.2 percent below 2005 levels.


Agriculture - 10%

Commercial & Residential - 12%

Transportation -p 28%

Industry - 22%

Electricity - 27%


The graphs to the right provide an overview of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States based on information from the Inventory. To learn more about each of these topics, click on the links below:


Data Highlights


Overview of Greenhouse Gases


Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions


See the Data


EPA has developed an interactive tool that provides access to data from the national greenhouse gas inventory. Visit the Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data Explorer to create customized graphs, examine trends over time, and download the data. The graphs below are examples from EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data Explorer. Click either image to enter the tool and explore an interactive version of the graph” (Ref  EPA).

The Trump Administration Rolled Back More Than 100 Environmental Rules. Here’s the Full List. - The New York Times


Over four years, the Trump administration dismantled major climate policies and rolled back many more rules governing clean air, water, wildlife and toxic chemicals.

In all, a New York Times analysis, based on research from Harvard Law School, Columbia Law School and other sources, counts nearly 100 environmental rules officially reversed, revoked or otherwise rolled back under Mr. Trump. More than a dozen other potential rollbacks remained in progress by the end but were not finalized by the end of the administration’s term.

“This is a very aggressive attempt to rewrite our laws and reinterpret the meaning of environmental protections,” said Hana V. Vizcarra, a staff attorney at Harvard’s Environmental and Energy Law Program who has tracked the policy changes since 2018. “This administration is leaving a truly unprecedented legacy.”

Rule reversals

Completed                     In progress                     Total                 

Air pollution and emissions                  28                                   2                                     30


Drilling and extraction                          12                                   7                                     19


Infrastructure and planning                   14                                   0                                     14


Animals                                                   15                                   1                                     16


Water pollution                                      8                                     1                                     9


Toxic substances and safety                  9                                     1                                     10


Other                                                        12                                   2                                     14


All                                                            98                                   14                                   112

The bulk of the rollbacks identified by the Times were carried out by the Environmental Protection Agency, which weakened Obama-era limits on planet-warming carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and from cars and trucks; removed protections from more than half the nation’s wetlands; and withdrew the legal justification for restricting mercury emissions from power plants.

At the same time, the Interior Department worked to open up more land for oil and gas leasing by limiting wildlife protections and weakening environmental requirements for projects. The Department of Energy loosened efficiency standards for a wide range of products.

In justifying many of the rollbacks, the agencies said that previous administrations had overstepped their legal authority, imposing unnecessary and burdensome regulations that hurt business.

“We have fulfilled President Trump’s promises to provide certainty for states, tribes, and local governments,” a spokeswoman for the E.P.A. said in a statement to The Times, adding that it was “delivering on President Trump’s commitment to return the agency to its core mission: Providing cleaner air, water and land to the American people.”

But environmental groups and legal analysts said the rollbacks have not served that mission.

All told, the Trump administration’s deregulatory actions were estimated to significantly increase greenhouse gas emissions over the next decade and lead to thousands of extra deaths from poor air quality each year.

Many of the rollbacks have been challenged in court by states, environmental groups and others, and some have already been struck down. In the final days of Mr. Trump’s term, a federal appeals court overturned a plan to relax Obama-era restrictions on carbon dioxide emissions from coal- and natural gas-burning power plants, arguing that the agency misinterpreted its obligation under the Clean Air Act to reduce carbon pollution.

The Times identified nearly a dozen more rules that were initially reversed or suspended by the Trump administration but later reinstated, often following lawsuits and other challenges. They are summarized at the bottom of this page, and are not counted in our overall tally.

President-elect Biden is expected to undo several of the rollbacks through executive orders soon after assuming office on Jan. 20, including cancelling the permit for the controversial Keystone XL pipeline and rejoining the Paris climate change agreement. The Democrat-controlled House and Senate could help nullify several more Trump-era rules through a once-obscure law that grants Congress the power to review regulations recently adopted by federal agencies. But other rules will be more difficult to change, requiring months — or even years — of work to repeal and replace.

Below, we have summarized each rule that was targeted for reversal.

Are there rollbacks we missed? Email or tweet @nytclimate.

Air pollution and emissions



1. Weakened Obama-era fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards for passenger cars and light trucks. E.P.A. and Transportation Department

2. Revoked California’s ability to set stricter tailpipe emissions standards than the federal government. E.P.A.

3. Withdrew the legal justification for an Obama-era rule that limited mercury emissions from coal power plants. E.P.A.

4. Formally withdrew the United States from the Paris climate agreement, an international plan to avert catastrophic climate change adopted by nearly 200 counties.

Executive Order

5. Changed the way cost-benefit analyses are conducted under the Clean Air Act, potentially making it harder to issue new public health and climate protections. E.P.A. |

6. Canceled a requirement for oil and gas companies to report methane emissions. E.P.A.

7. Revised and partially repealed an Obama-era rule limiting methane emissions on public lands, including intentional venting and flaring from drilling operations. A federal court struck down the revision in July 2020, calling the Trump administration’s reasoning “wholly inadequate” and mandating enforcement of the original rule. However, the Obama-era rule was later partially struck down in a separate court case, during which the Trump administration declined to defend it.

Interior Department

8. Eliminated Obama-era methane emissions standards for oil and gas facilities and narrowed standards limiting the release of other polluting chemicals known as “volatile organic compounds” to only certain facilities. E.P.A.

9. Withdrew a Clinton-era rule designed to limit toxic emissions from major industrial polluters, and later proposed codifying the looser standards. E.P.A.

10. Revised a program designed to safeguard communities from increases in pollution from new power plants to make it easier for facilities to avoid emissions regulations. E.P.A.

11. Amended rules that govern how refineries monitor pollution in surrounding communities. E.P.A.

12. Overturned Obama-era guidance meant to reduce emissions during power plant start-ups, shutdowns and malfunctions. As part of the process, the E.P.A. also reversed a requirement that Texas follow emissions rules during certain malfunction events. E.P.A.

13. Weakened an Obama-era rule meant to reduce air pollution in national parks and wilderness areas. E.P.A.

14. Weakened oversight of some state plans for reducing air pollution in national parks. E.P.A.

15. Established a minimum pollution threshold at which the E.P.A. can regulate greenhouse gas emissions from stationary sources: 3 percent of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. (Power plants meet this threshold, but oil and gas production facilities fall just below it.) E.P.A.

16. Relaxed air pollution regulations for a handful of plants that burn waste coal for electricity. E.P.A.

17. Repealed rules meant to reduce leaking and venting of powerful greenhouse gases known as hydrofluorocarbons from large refrigeration and air conditioning systems. E.P.A.

18. Directed agencies to stop using an Obama-era calculation of the social cost of carbon, which rulemakers used to estimate the long-term economic benefits of reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Executive Order

19. Released new guidance that allows upwind states to contribute more ozone pollution to downwind states than during the Obama-era. (The E.P.A. under Mr. Trump also rejected petitions from a handful of states over failure to address upwind states’ pollution.) E.P.A.

20. Withdrew guidance directing federal agencies to include greenhouse gas emissions in environmental reviews. But several district courts have ruled that emissions must be included in such reviews. Executive Order; Council on Environmental Quality

21. Revoked an Obama executive order that set a goal of cutting the federal government’s greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent over 10 years. Executive Order

22. Repealed a requirement that state and regional authorities track tailpipe emissions from vehicles on federal highways. Transportation Department

23. Lifted a summertime ban on the use of E15, a gasoline blend made of 15 percent ethanol. (Burning gasoline with a higher concentration of ethanol in hot conditions increases smog.) E.P.A.

24. Changed rules to allow states and the E.P.A. to take longer to develop and approve plans aimed at cutting methane emissions from existing landfills. E.P.A.

25. Withdrew a proposed rule aimed at reducing pollutants, including air pollution, at sewage treatment plants. E.P.A.

26. Threw out most of a proposed policy that would have tightened pollution standards for offshore oil and gas operations and required them to use improved pollution controls.


27. Amended Obama-era emissions standards for clay ceramics manufacturers. E.P.A.

28. Relaxed some Obama-era requirements for companies to monitor and repair leaks at oil and gas facilities, including exempting certain low-production wells – a significant source of methane emissions – from the requirements altogether. (Other leak regulations were eliminated.) E.P.A.


In progress


29. Proposed revisions to standards for carbon dioxide emissions from new, modified and reconstructed coal power plants, eliminating Obama-era restrictions that, in effect, required them to capture and store carbon dioxide emissions. E.P.A.

30. Proposed a rule limiting the ability of individuals and communities to challenge E.P.A.-issued pollution permits before a panel of agency judges. E.P.A.


Drilling and extraction




31. Made significant cuts to the borders of two national monuments in Utah and recommended border and resource-management changes to several more. Presidential Proclamation; Interior Department

32. Lifted an Obama-era freeze on new coal leases on public lands. In April 2019, a judge ruled that the Interior Department could not begin selling new leases without completing an environmental review. In February 2020, the agency published an assessment that concluded restarting federal coal leasing would have little environmental impact.

Executive Order; Interior Department

33. Finalized a plan to allow oil and gas development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska, a move that overturns six decades of protections for the largest remaining stretch of wilderness in the United States. The Trump administration held last-minute lease sales in December, but failed to attract major interest from fossil fuel companies. Congress; Interior Department

34. Opened more than 18 million acres of land for drilling in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska, a vast swath of public land on the Arctic Ocean. The Obama administration had designated about half of the reserve as a conservation area. Interior Department

35. Lifted a Clinton-era ban on logging and road construction in Tongass National Forest, Alaska, one of the largest intact temperate rain forests in the world. (The Clinton-era rule applied to much of the national forest system.) Interior Department

36. Approved construction of the Dakota Access pipeline, less than a mile from the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation. The Obama administration had halted the project, with the Army Corps of Engineers saying it would explore alternative routes. In 2020, a federal court reversed the Trump administration’s decision to allow the pipeline to run along its current path, but it was allowed to continue operating. Executive Order; Army

37. Rescinded water pollution regulations for fracking on federal and Indian lands. Interior Department

38. Withdrew a requirement that Gulf oil rig owners prove they can cover the costs of removing rigs once they stop producing. Interior Department

39. Moved the permitting process for certain projects that cross international borders, such as oil pipelines, to the office of the president from the State Department, exempting them from environmental review. Executive Order 40. Changed how the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission considers the indirect effects of greenhouse gas emissions in environmental reviews of pipelines. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

41. Revoked an Obama-era executive order designed to preserve ocean, coastal and Great Lakes waters in favor of a policy focused on energy production and economic growth.


Executive Order


42. Loosened offshore drilling safety regulations implemented by the Obama after following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill, including reduced testing requirements for blowout prevention systems. Interior Department


In progress


43. Proposed opening most of America’s coastal waters to offshore oil and gas drilling, but delayed the plan after a federal judge in 2019 ruled that reversing a ban on drilling in the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans was unlawful. Ahead of the 2020 election, Mr. Trump announced he would exempt from drilling coastal areas around Florida, a crucial battleground state, Georgia and South Carolina. Interior Department

44. Approved the Keystone XL pipeline rejected by President Barack Obama, but a federal judge blocked the project from going forward without an adequate environmental review process. The Supreme Court in July 2020 upheld that ruling, further delaying construction of the pipeline. Executive Order; State Department

45. Withdrew proposed restrictions on mining in Bristol Bay, Alaska, despite concerns over environmental impacts on salmon habitat, including a prominent fishery. In late 2020, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers denied a permit for one proposed project, known as the Pebble Mine, noting it would “result in significant degradation of the aquatic ecosystem.” E.P.A.; Army

46. Proposed easing safety regulations for exploratory offshore oil and gas drilling in the Arctic that were developed after a 2013 accident. Executive Order; Interior Department

47. Proposed weakening a rule that increased royalty payments for oil and gas leases on public lands, bringing them in line with market value. The Obama-era policy updated a 1980s rule that critics said allowed companies to underpay the federal government. An earlier attempt by the Trump administration to reverse the Obama rule was struck down in court, but a separate court ruling exempted the coal industry from the updated pricing policy. Interior Department |

48. Proposed easing the approval process for oil and gas drilling in national forests by curbing the power of the Forest Service to review and approve leases, among other changes. Agriculture Department; Interior Department

49. Approved the use of seismic air guns for gas and oil exploration in the Atlantic Ocean. The Obama administration had denied permits for such surveys, which can kill marine life and disrupt fisheries. However, the Trump administration’s permits to allow seismic surveys expired following a protracted lawsuit, ending the possibility of seismic air gun surveys in the Atlantic in the near term. Companies would need to restart the months-long permitting process. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


Infrastructure and planning




50. Weakened the National Environmental Policy Act, one of the country’s most significant environmental laws, in order to expedite the approval of public infrastructure projects, such as roads, pipelines and telecommunications networks. The new rules shorten the time frame for completing environmental studies, limit the types of projects subject to review, and no longer require federal agencies to account for a project's cumulative effects on the environment, such as climate change. Council on Environmental Quality

51. Revoked Obama-era flood standards for federal infrastructure projects that required the government to account for sea level rise and other climate change effects. Executive Order

52. Relaxed the environmental review process for federal infrastructure projects. Executive Order |

53. Overturned an Obama-era guidance that ended U.S. government financing for new coal plants overseas except in rare circumstances. Executive Order; Treasury Department

54. Revoked a directive for federal agencies to minimize impacts on water, wildlife, land and other natural resources when approving development projects. Executive Order

55. Revoked an Obama executive order promoting climate resilience in the northern Bering Sea region of Alaska, which withdrew local waters from oil and gas leasing and established a tribal advisory council to consult on local environmental issues. Executive Order

56. Reversed an update to the Bureau of Land Management’s public land-use planning process. Congress

57. Withdrew an Obama-era order to consider climate change in the management of natural resources in national parks. National Park Service |

58. Restricted most Interior Department environmental studies to one year in length and a maximum of 150 pages, citing a need to reduce paperwork. Interior Department |

59. Withdrew a number of Obama-era Interior Department climate change and conservation policies that the agency said could “burden the development or utilization of domestically produced energy resources.” Interior Department

60. Eliminated the use of an Obama-era planning system designed to minimize harm from oil and gas activity on sensitive landscapes, such as national parks. Interior Department

61. Withdrew Obama-era policies designed to maintain or, ideally, improve natural resources affected by federal projects. Interior Department

62. Revised the environmental review process for Forest Service projects to automatically exempt certain categories of projects, including those under 2,800 acres. Agriculture Department

63. Ended environmental impact reviews of natural gas export projects at the Department of Energy. Department of Energy






64. Rolled back a roughly 40-year-old interpretation of a policy aimed at protecting migratory birds. The rule imposed fines and other penalties on companies who accidentally kill birds through their actions, including oil spills and toxic pesticide applications. In August 2020, a federal judge rejected the Trump administration’s legal rationale for the regulation, reinstating the protection. But, in January, the administration moved forward with a final rule anyway. Interior Department |

65. Cut critical habitat for the northern spotted owl by more than three million acres in Washington state, Oregon and Northern California, opening up the land to timber harvesting. Interior Department

66. Changed the way the Endangered Species Act is applied, making it more difficult to protect wildlife from long-term threats posed by climate change. Interior Department; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

67. Weakened critical habitat protections under the Endangered Species Act by making it easier to exclude certain areas, including for public-works projects such as schools and hospitals, and for public lands leased to non-government businesses. Interior Department

68. Ended the automatic application of full protections for ‘threatened’ plants and animals, the classification one step below ‘endangered’ in the Endangered Species Act. Interior Department |

69. Relaxed environmental protections for salmon and smelt in California’s Central Valley in order to free up water for farmers. Executive Order; Interior Department

70. Removed the gray wolf from the endangered species list. Interior Department

71. Overturned a ban on the use of lead ammunition and fishing tackle on federal lands. Interior Department

72. Overturned a ban on the hunting of predators in Alaskan wildlife refuges. Congress |

73. Reversed an Obama-era rule that barred using bait, such as grease-soaked doughnuts, to lure and kill grizzly bears, among other sport hunting practices that many people consider extreme, on some public lands in Alaska. National Park Service; Interior Department

74. Amended fishing regulations to loosen restrictions on the harvest of a number of species. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

75. Removed restrictions on commercial fishing in a protected marine preserve southeast of Cape Cod that is home to rare corals and a number of endangered sea animals. The Trump administration suggested changing the management or size of two other marine protected areas in the Pacific Ocean. Executive Order; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

76. Proposed revising limits on the number of endangered marine mammals and sea turtles that can be unintentionally killed or injured with sword-fishing nets on the West Coast. (The Obama-era rules were initially withdrawn by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, but were later finalized following a court order. The agency said it planned to revise the limits.) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

77. Loosened fishing restrictions intended to reduce bycatch of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna. Nonprofits have filed a lawsuit challenging the rollback. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

78. Overturned a ban on using parts of migratory birds in handicrafts made by Alaskan Natives. Interior Department

In progress

79. Opened nine million acres of Western land to oil and gas drilling by weakening habitat protections for the sage grouse, an imperiled bird. A federal judge in Idaho temporarily blocked the measure, arguing the Bureau of Land Management failed to carry out an adequate environmental review for the proposal. A Montana court nullified 440 oil and gas leases in greater sage-grouse habitat, but later put the ruling on hold pending appeal. In a push to finalize the rollback before Mr. Trump leaves office, the Bureau published revised environmental impact statements in late 2020 and requested that lease sales be upheld by the Montana court. Interior Department


Water pollution


80. Scaled back pollution protections for certain tributaries and wetlands that were regulated under the Clean Water Act by the Obama administration. (A federal judge in Colorado halted implementation of the rule within the state, but it is in effect elsewhere.) E.P.A.; Army 81. Revoked a rule that prevented coal companies from dumping mining debris into local streams. Congress

82. Weakened a rule that aimed to limit toxic discharge from power plants into public waterways. E.P.A

83. Doubled the time allowed for utilities to remove lead pipes from water systems with high levels of lead. E.P.A

84. Weakened a portion of the Clean Water Act to make it easier for federal agencies to issue permits for federal projects over state objections if the projects don’t meet local water quality standards, including for pipelines and other fossil fuel facilities. Executive Order; E.P.A

85. Extended the lifespan of unlined holding ponds for coal ash waste from power plants, which can spill their contents because they lack a protective underlay. E.P.A

86. Allowed certain unlined coal ash holding areas to continue operating, though they were previously deemed unsafe. E.P.A

87. Withdrew a proposed rule requiring groundwater protections for certain uranium mines. Recently, the administration’s Nuclear Fuel Working Group proposed opening up 1,500 acres outside the Grand Canyon to nuclear production. E.P.A

In progress

88. Proposed a regulation limiting the scope of an Obama-era rule under which companies had to prove that large deposits of recycled coal ash would not harm the environment. E.P.A


Toxic substances and safety


89. Rejected a proposed ban on chlorpyrifos, a pesticide linked to developmental disabilities in children. In 2020, the E.P.A. also rejected its own earlier finding that the pesticide can cause serious health problems, though it later recommended some label changes and usage restrictions. (Several states have banned use of the pesticide and its main manufacturer said it would stop producing the product because of shrinking demand.) E.P.A

90. Declined to require that certain industries — including electric power, petroleum, coal products manufacturing and chemical manufacturing — have enough funds to cover major spills and accidents. (The Obama administration was planning to develop such requirements.) E.P.A

91. Declined to issue a proposed rule that required the hardrock mining industry to prove it could pay to clean up future pollution. E.P.A

92. Narrowed the scope of a 2016 law mandating safety assessments for potentially toxic chemicals like dry-cleaning solvents. The updated rules allowed the E.P.A. to exclude some chemical uses and types of exposure in the review process. In November 2019, a court of appeals ruled the agency must widen its scope to consider full exposure risks, but watchdog groups say it did not do so in some assessments. E.P.A

93. Reversed an Obama-era rule that required braking system upgrades for “high hazard” trains hauling flammable liquids like oil and ethanol. Transportation Department

94. Changed safety rules to allow for rail transport of highly flammable liquefied natural gas. Transportation Department

95. Rolled back most of the requirements of a 2017 rule aimed at improving safety at sites that use hazardous chemicals that was instituted after a chemical plant exploded in Texas. E.P.A

96. Narrowed pesticide application buffer zones that are intended to protect farmworkers and bystanders from accidental exposure. E.P.A

97. Removed copper filter cake, an electronics manufacturing byproduct comprised of heavy metals, from the “hazardous waste” list. E.P.A


In progress


98. Announced a review of an Obama-era rule lowering coal dust limits in mines. The head of the Mine Safety and Health Administration said there were no immediate plans to change the dust limit but extended a public comment period until 2022. Labor Department






99. Limited the scientific and medical research the E.P.A. can use to determine public health regulations, de-emphasizing studies that do not make their underlying data publicly available. (Scientists widely criticized the proposal, saying it would effectively block the agency from considering landmark research that relies on confidential health data.) E.P.A

100. Limited funding of environmental and community development projects through corporate settlements of federal lawsuits. Justice Department

101. Repealed an Obama-era regulation that would have nearly doubled the number of light bulbs subject to energy-efficiency standards starting in January 2020. The Energy Department also blocked the next phase of efficiency standards for general-purpose bulbs already subject to regulation. Energy Department

102. Weakened dishwasher energy efficiency standards by exempting fast-cleaning machines from decades-old rules. Energy Department

103. Loosened water and efficiency standards for showerheads and washers and dryers. Energy Department

104. Changed the process for how the government sets energy efficiency standards for appliances and other equipment. The new rules set an “energy savings threshold” for regulations (which environmental groups say is too high) and allow industries to set their own test procedures. Energy Department

105. Withdrew proposed Obama-era efficiency standards for residential furnaces and commercial water heaters that were designed to reduce energy use. Energy Department

106. Made it easier for appliance manufacturers to get a temporary exemption from federal energy efficiency test procedure requirements. Energy Department

107. Finalized a rule that limits 401(k) retirement plans from investing in funds that focus on the environment. The Obama administration had issued guidance to encourage investing in environmentally- and socially-focused funds as long as they were competitive investments. Labor Department

108. Changed a 25-year-old policy to allow coastal replenishment projects to use sand from protected ecosystems. Interior Department

109. Stopped payments to the Green Climate Fund, a United Nations program to help poorer countries reduce carbon emissions. Executive Order

110. Reversed restrictions on the sale of plastic water bottles in national parks designed to cut down on litter, despite a Park Service report that the effort worked. Interior Department


In progress


111. Froze civil penalties for companies that violate fuel efficiency standards at $5.50 for every 10th of a mile per gallon over the standards. (They were slated to increase to $14 for every 10th of a mile per gallon in model year 2019.) A federal court reinstated the higher penalty, but the Trump administration continued to delay its implementation. Transportation Department

112. Initially withdrew, and then delayed, a proposed rule that would inform car owners about fuel-efficient replacement tires. Transportation Department

Some rules were rolled back, then reinstated

These rules were initially reversed by the Trump administration but were later reinstated, often following lawsuits and other challenges.

1. Repealed the Obama-era Clean Power Plan, which would have set strict limits on carbon emissions from coal- and gas-fired power plants, and replaced it with a new version that would let states set their own rules. In the final days of Mr. Trump’s term, a federal appeals court struck down the repeal and replacement plan, arguing that the agency “fundamentally” misinterpreted its own legal obligations to regulate emissions under the Clean Air Act. The court directed the E.P.A. to start over with a new approach. Executive Order; E.P.A.

2. Delayed issuing rules that regulate greenhouse gas emissions from aircraft, which would have echoed standards adopted by the international airline industry four years ago. The delay was challenged by environmental groups, and the rule — which critics say is far too weak today — was put forward in December 2020. E.P.A.

3. Stopped enforcing a 2015 rule that prohibited the use of hydrofluorocarbons, powerful greenhouse gases, in air-conditioners and refrigerators. A court later partially restored the prohibition and Congress agreed to phase down production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons in a 2020 year-end budget bill. E.P.A.

4. Ended an Occupational Safety and Health Administration program to reduce risks of workers developing the lung disease silicosis by making it easier to conduct proactive workplace inspections. The administration delayed issuing a revised program for two and a half years, until February 2020. Labor Department

5. Sought to repeal emissions standards for “glider” trucks — vehicles retrofitted with older, often dirtier engines — but reversed course after Andrew Wheeler took over from Scott Pruitt as head of the E.P.A. E.P.A.

6. Delayed a compliance deadline for new national ozone pollution standards by one year, but later reversed course. E.P.A.

7. Delayed implementation of a rule regulating the certification and training of pesticide applicators, but a judge ruled that the E.P.A. had done so illegally and declared the rule still in effect. E.P.A.

8. Initially delayed publishing efficiency standards for household appliances, but later published them after multiple states and environmental groups sued. Energy Department

9. Removed the Yellowstone grizzly bear from the Endangered Species List, but the protections were later reinstated by a federal judge. (The Trump administration appealed the ruling in May 2019.) Interior Department

10. Reissued a rule limiting the discharge of mercury by dental offices into municipal sewers after a lawsuit by the Natural Resources Defense Council, an advocacy group. E.P.A.

11. Delayed federal building efficiency standards until Sept. 30, 2017, at which time the rules went into effect. Energy Department

12. Ordered a review of water efficiency standards in bathroom fixtures, including toilets. E.P.A. determined existing standards were sufficient. E.P.A.

Note: This list does not include new rules proposed by the Trump administration that do not roll back previous policies, nor does it include court actions that have affected environmental policies independent of executive or legislative action.

Sources: Harvard Law School’s Environmental Regulation Rollback Tracker; Columbia Law School’s Climate Deregulation Tracker; Brookings Institution; Federal Register; Environmental Protection Agency; Interior Department; U.S. Chamber of Commerce; White House.

Fact check: Biden said he plans to increase COVID-19 small business relief to people of color and women - Devon Link - USA TODAY


The claim: Biden admitted plans to discriminate against white men with COVID-19 economic relief


Throughout Joe Biden's presidential campaign and transition, he has promised to address the disproportionate economic damage the coronavirus pandemic has had on minority communities.


After he discussed prioritizing aid to small businesses owned by people of color and women at an event Jan. 8, conservative critics are using a 30-second clip from a roughly 25-minute speech to accuse Biden of discriminating against white men. 


“Listen to this clip where Joe Biden is openly recommending racial discrimination,” far-right podcast host Dan Bongino said when introducing the clip.

“Our focus will be on small businesses on Main Street that aren’t wealthy and well-connected, that are facing real economic hardships through no fault of their own,” Biden says. “Our priority will be Black, Latino, Asian and Native American-owned small businesses, women-owned businesses, and finally having equal access to resources needed to reopen and rebuild. But we’re going to make a concerted effort to help small businesses in low-income communities in big cities, small towns and rural communities that have faced systematic barriers to relief.”


“Did I just hear Joe Biden say that they’re basically going to de-prioritize aid relief to white males who own businesses?” Bongino asked after showing the clip. “No, that’s exactly what he said.”


Bongino encouraged viewers to read an article titled “Biden Pushes Idea of Discriminating Based on Race, Sex in Stimulus Plan” on the conservative website Townhall.


Other conservative critics, such as former George W. Bush Press Secretary Ari Fleischer and Fox News commentator Brit Hume, criticized Biden on Twitter for his remarks.


Bongino, whose video has more than 59,000 reactions and 16,000 comments, has not responded to USA TODAY’s request for comment.


USA TODAY has fact-checked another claim by Bongino contending that a Black Democrat had expressed racist views toward white people.


Longer video shows missing context 


Biden made the statement at an event at the Queen theater in Wilmington, Delaware, where he was announcing Cabinet picks. 


C-SPAN video of Biden’s announcement shows he was discussing anticipated increased access to relief for businesses owned by people of color and women because they have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19 economic hardship. 


The Biden-Harris transition team shared an 87-second clip of Biden’s remarks on Twitter Jan. 10.


“Think of the mom-and-pop owner with a couple of employees who can’t pick up the phone and call a banker, who doesn’t have a lawyer, an accountant, to help them through this complicated process, to know if they’re even qualified, or who simply didn’t know where this relief is available in the first place,” Biden continues in the longer video. 


He did not specifically explain how his plan would prioritize people of color or women.


On Jan. 14, Biden announced a $1.9 trillion spending package focused on quickening vaccine distribution and providing economic relief. His plan includes $15 billion in grants for small businesses.


Throughout his campaign, Biden has criticized  former President Donald Trump's economic response to the pandemic, which he claims “largely shut out minority business owners from COVID-19 recovery funds.”


On his campaign website he promised to “swiftly end the racial inequity in small business support by ensuring that minority-owned businesses get effective access to all of these tools, as well as access to technical assistance – such as accounting support and legal advice – so that they are not shut out of federal aid programs.”


USA TODAY contacted Biden’s transition team for comment and has yet to receive a response. 


COVID-19 has a disproportionate economic impact 


The pandemic has hit small businesses hard, and the damage has been even more devastating for businesses owned by people of color.

According to data from the National Bureau of Economic Research, African American businesses saw a 41% drop in business activity from February until April, Latino businesses saw a 32% drop, and Asian businesses dropped by 26%. Female-owned businesses saw a similarly disproportionate effect with a 25% decrease in business activity.


That is in contrast to a 17% decrease white business owners have faced.


A University of Michigan study found that in May 2020, less than 0.5% of Black business owners reported they had received COVID-19 aid from the government, compared with 9% of non-Black business owners. 


The researchers concluded that the disparity was likely a result of systemic barriers that prevented Black business owners from accessing relief.


Our rating: Missing context


We rate the claim that President-elect Joe Biden admitted plans to discriminate against white men in COVID-19 economic relief MISSING CONTEXT because it is misleading without additional information. Longer video of Biden's remarks shows he was discussing increasing aid to businesses owned by people of color and women because they have been disproportionately affected by the economic crisis. 


Our fact-check sources:


· C-SPAN, Jan. 8, "Biden Economic Team Nominations"

· USA TODAY, Jan. 14, "Biden introduces $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief package that includes $1,400 stimulus checks"

· Dan Bongino, Jan. 14, Facebook post

· Townhall, Jan. 11, "Biden Pushes Idea of Discriminating Based on Race, Sex in Stimulus Plan"

· Ari Fleischer, Jan. 12, tweet

· Brit Hume, Jan. 11, tweet

· USA TODAY, Dec. 29, 2020, "Fact check: Rev. Warnock sermon on 'whiteness' condemns racism, does not call for anti-white bigotry"

· USA TODAY, Jan. 8, 'Immediate relief': Biden introduces Cabinet secretaries with plea for Congress to move quickly on COVID relief"

· Biden-Harris Presidential Transition, Jan. 10, tweet

· Biden Harris Presidential Campaign, accessed Jan. 19, "THE BIDEN PLAN FOR AN EFFECTIVE RE-OPENING THAT JUMPSTARTS THE ECONOMY"


University of Michigan, Jan. 6, "Black business owners, entrepreneurs left out of small business coronavirus support"

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Fact-check: Was Trump slow to halt travel from China? - By Miriam Valverde, - Posted Apr 13, 2020 at 6:02 PM


This piece was originally published on on April 13, 2020.


President Donald Trump routinely claims that he went against everyone’s wishes when he decided to restrict travel from China to curb the spread of the coronavirus in the United States. Because he did, and fast, thousands of lives were saved, Trump says.


But Joe Biden, the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, said Trump’s response wasn’t all that quick.


Biden told ABC’s George Stephanopoulos on April 5 that Trump trailed dozens of other countries in issuing travel restrictions on China. (This was a week before Stephanopoulos confirmed he had COVID-19.)


“He indicated that I complimented him on dealing with China. Well, you know, 45 nations had already moved to keep, block China’s personnel from being able to come to the United States before the president moved,” Biden said. “It’s about pace. It’s about the urgency. And I don’t think there’s been enough of it, urgency.”


PolitiFact decided to put Biden’s claim on the Truth-O-Meter. Taken literally, Biden’s statement that 45 countries blocked Chinese personnel from “being able to come to the United States” doesn’t make sense — the countries were dealing with travel from China into their own countries, of course. Biden’s campaign did not provide an on-the-record clarification.


Based on the context of the interview, Biden’s point was that 45 nations imposed restrictions on travel from China before the United States’ own restriction, therefore the United States was slow on this front. We found that the United States acted around the same time as did many other countries. It wasn’t the first to restrict travel from China, but it wasn’t the last, either.


Timeline of restrictions on travel from China



Joe Biden interview on ABC This Week, April 5, 2020


World Health Organization, Updated WHO recommendations for international traffic in relation to COVID-19 outbreak, Feb. 29, 2020; WHO Director-General’s statement on IHR Emergency Committee on Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), Jan. 30, 2020; Pneumonia of unknown cause – China, Jan. 5, 2020;, Travel Restrictions on China due to COVID-19, Proclamation on Suspension of Entry as Immigrants and Nonimmigrants of Persons who Pose a Risk of Transmitting 2019 Novel Coronavirus, Jan. 31, 2020


Cato Institute, Travel Restrictions and the Spread of COVID-19 – What Does the Research Say?, March 23, 2020


Email interview, Samantha Kiernan, a research associate at the Council on Foreign Relations, April 9, 2020


Email interview, Alex Nowrasteh, director of immigration studies at the libertarian Cato Institute, April 9, 2020


South Korea travel restriction announcement, Feb. 2, 2020


Italian Civil Authority, suspension of flights to and from China, Jan. 31, 2020


COVID-19, the respiratory disease caused by the new coronavirus, was first detected in Wuhan, China, and was reported by Chinese authorities to the World Health Organization on Dec. 31, 2019.


On Jan. 30, the World Health Organization declared a public health emergency of international concern over the coronavirus outbreak.


On Jan. 31, the Trump administration announced the United States would temporarily ban the admission of people who were in China 14 days prior to their attempted travel to the United States. The restriction took effect Feb. 2, and it exempted U.S. citizens, green card holders, and certain other people.

What was the rest of the world considering? We consulted Think Global Health, an initiative of the U.S.-based Council on Foreign Relations that is tracking travel restrictions on China due to COVID-19.


By the group’s count, Biden is correct about 45 nations restricting travel from China before the United States. That number covers variations of travel restrictions in effect up to and including Feb. 1.


Think Global Health’s tracker includes partial or total land border closures, suspension of flights to and from China, visa restrictions, such as a pause on visa-on-arrival programs, and entry restrictions (similar to what the United States implemented).


“While the United States was not one of the first countries to impose restrictions against travel from China, nor was it late to do so relative to the actions of others,” said Samantha Kiernan, a research associate at the Council on Foreign Relations. “Rather, the United States acted around the same time that many other countries did.”


The Marshall Islands is among nations that had travel restrictions on China even before the World Health Organization’s Jan. 30 declaration. After the declaration, many countries, including the United States, announced their own travel restrictions.


For perspective, the U.S. measure went into effect after Italy on Jan. 31 suspended all flights to and from China, but it happened before South Korea’s entry restriction that started Feb. 4.


There are many ways to slice the numbers on travel restrictions, said Alex Nowrasteh, director of immigration studies at the libertarian Cato Institute. In a March 23 blog post, Nowrasteh estimated that at least 36 other countries imposed travel restrictions on people coming from China around the same time as the United States.


“Some countries, for instance, began forcing Chinese nationals to get a visa around this time whereas before they were allowed visa-free entry,” Nowrasteh said. “That’s an additional travel restriction, but a less onerous one than that imposed by President Trump.”


Nowrasteh agreed that the United States’ restriction wasn’t far behind from others.


“There are many points on which to criticize the Trump administration’s response to COVID-19, but they were not slow in instituting a travel ban on China,” Nowrasteh said. “The real question is whether that restriction worked and there is little evidence to suggest that it did.”


Global health specialists told Kaiser Health News that there is little to no evidence that Trump’s restrictions restrained COVID-19, because they came too late and didn’t have the follow-up necessary to make a real dent.


Research suggests that well-implemented travel restrictions can buy time, but that time has to be used effectively — to ramp up emergency preparedness and bolster activities like testing and isolating people who may have been exposed.


As late as Feb. 29, the WHO advised against travel or trade restrictions related to COVID-19 outbreaks, saying: “Travel bans to affected areas or denial of entry to passengers coming from affected areas are usually not effective in preventing the importation of cases but may have a significant economic and social impact.”


Our ruling


Biden claimed that “45 nations had already moved” to enforce travel restrictions with China “before the president moved.”


The extent of travel restrictions vary — from the suspension of visa programs to entry denial. According to one tracker of travel restrictions, Biden’s 45 figure checks out. Other research shows that the number is around 36.


Where Biden misleads is on the relative speed of the U.S. compared with others. The U.S. travel restriction came shortly after the WHO declared a public health emergency and around the same time as other nations, experts said.


Biden’s statement that Trump’s travel restriction was slower than 45 other countries is partially accurate but leaves out important details or takes things out of context. We rate it Half True.

Biden sends open borders bill to Congress on first day in office: Can’t wait to swear in millions of new Democratic voters - JD Heyes - January 21, 2021


(Natural News) Since the days of Barack Obama, the Democratic Marxism Party has been steadily and “fundamentally transforming” America away from its founding principles of freedom, individual liberty, and constitutionalism. But we got a reprieve when Donald Trump was elected in 2016. Right away, from his inaugural speech, the … [Read More...]


Biden gets right to work dismantling the Trump legacy using executive orders to destroy the economy, reopen borders and make America weak again - by: JD Heyes - Thursday, January 21, 2021


(Natural News) Joe Biden told a small crowd at his inauguration Wednesday he wanted to ‘unify’ the country. Biden is used to speaking to small crowds; he couldn’t draw flies to a manure festival when he barely campaigned for president last fall. And his running mate, Kamala Harris, was so unpopular even Biden got more black support than … [Read More...]

U.S. Guest Workers Program Ideas and Proposals


Temporary amnesty for an estimated 800,000 children in America who were brought here illegally or whom over stayed there visa limitations at no fault of there own while residing in the U.S., was granted by President Obama, a two year temporary postponement of deportation.


Mit Romney says he’s looking for real INS Reform. I heard mention a G U.S. Work Guest Program.


For years Trump never explored the benefits of a U.S. Work Guest Program.


President Biden has a n8 year pathway to citizenship for 11 million folks in the U. S. with out going through legal immigration or stayed longer than their travel permit, etc.


Cool. It’s about time to address a reasonable solution allowing illegal aliens a path to legal employment opportunities in the U.S.


President Obama leading the democrat party once had democrats with both houses of government, yet no immigration reform ever became a reality.


I could easily build a U.S. Work Guest Program provided congress was behind the mission.


Before people give out their personal information, in essence reporting on themselves, they must be guaranteed entrance into a U.S. Work Guest Program or other pathway, provided there not a criminal or fugitive from the law.


Congressman Luis V. Gutierrez: In 1 day @POTUS


ended some of our most absurd Trump era executive orders on immigration: ending the Muslim ban, ending border wall construction, preserved DACA, ending pointless deportations, reversing Trumps plan to exclude undocumented immigrants from the Census count…

Joe Biden halts border wall building after Donald Trump's final surge - By Elliot Spagat, Associated Press - Thursday, January 21, 2021 2:30PM


Biden halts US-Mexico border wall construction - By Kim Slowey - Jan. 21 2021, 6:17 a.m. PST - Published Dec. 23, 2020


Jobs Created by Building Trump’s Big, Beautiful Border Wall - By David Luther - Aug. 4, 2017

IBEW Wages Lost: $1.8 Billion in U.S. Military Construction - International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - November 2019

Correction: An earlier version of this chart mislabeled Biden's order rescinding the 1776 commission. It is a reversal of a Trump policy.

Source: Biden transition team

Graphic: Christopher Hickey, CNN



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